The standoff between the United States and Iran helps China to build out its energy and trade routes throughout the Middle East.
Chinese investment could become a challenging factor for the European future of the Western Balkans.
Salvaging the Iranian nuclear deal could come at a cost China may not want to pay.
The recipients of Beijing’s supposed largess regularly find themselves trapped in debt leading to rising anti-Chinese sentiment.
India sees the Belt and Road Initiative as an attempt to clip India’s own wings and build a China-centric world order.
Hezbollah may choose to focus on its all-important goal of securing Lebanese-Syrian relations, at the expense of the Houthis in Yemen.
Pakistan, an important node in China’s Belt and Road Initiative, is concerned about a neocolonial Chinese effort to extract the country’s resources.