Erdogan can use any number of legal, political or foreign policy tools to ensure his candidate wins this time around, no matter the reputational costs.
Erdogan is driving out business people and the well-educated – the economic forces he needs to achieve his goal of transforming the country into a great power.
Putin has Turkey exactly where he wants it: As an upset NATO ally willing to break ranks with the alliance’s stance toward Russia.
As the primary source of tourists visiting Turkey shifts from Europe to the Middle East, a 150 year-long era comes to a close.
What does history teach us about the real prospects of closer Turkish relations with Russia and Iran?
Turkey has become too diverse demographically, too big economically and too complicated politically for one person to shape in his own image.
The two countries appear to be compartmentalizing their shared and divergent interests in Syria and Iraq.
Erdogan’s embrace of nationalist rhetoric and actions could have important repercussions on Turkish foreign policy.
Normalization negotiations seem closer than ever to conclusion, but significant differences remain on Gaza, Hamas and Egypt.