Just The Facts

India: The Center of Modern Slavery?

10 facts on modern slavery in India and beyond.

Credit: R Barraez D´Lucca - www.flickr.com

Takeaways


  • As many as 14.3 million Indians in 2014 were victims of modern slavery.
  • Much of the burden of modern slavery in India appears to fall on the lower caste members of Indian society.
  • India’s total of 14.3 million modern slaves is nearly five times larger than China’s (3.2 million).

1. As many as 14.3 million Indians in 2014 were victims of modern slavery.

2. This figure is according to the Walk Free Foundation’s 2014 Global Slavery Index, which defines modern slavery as any practice that traps people in modern servitude, including human trafficking and forced labor.

3. That is equal to 1.1% of the country’s 1.25 billion population — or about one in every one hundred Indians.

4. Much of the burden of modern slavery in India appears to fall on the lower caste (and hence poorer) members of Indian society.

5. Other populations vulnerable to modern slavery in India include religious minorities and immigrants from India’s neighbors, Nepal and Bangladesh.

6. India’s total of 14.3 million modern slaves is nearly five times larger than China’s (3.2 million), the nation with the second-largest number, and seven times larger than Pakistan’s (2.1 million).

7. Together, these three nations make up 55% of the estimated 35.8 million people trapped in modern slavery worldwide.

8. The Global Slavery Index’s estimate of 35.8 million modern slaves worldwide is about 70% higher than the 21 million people the International Labour Organization (ILO) identified in 2012 as victims of forced labor.

9. The higher number results from the Global Slavery Index’s inclusion of forced marriages as a form of modern slavery (as opposed to forced labor) and its estimates of unreported cases of slavery.

10. Most nations have taken steps to ban human trafficking and forced labor. But the persistence of millions living in conditions in which they are forced to work or marry against their will means that enforcement of these laws continues to be extraordinarily weak.

Sources: Walk Free Foundation with additional analysis by The Globalist Research Center.

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Responses to “India: The Center of Modern Slavery?”

Archived Comments.

  1. On February 15, 2015 at 7:43 am J.Lucardie responded with... #

    Last year the nexus of 4 Abrahimic(excl. Judaism) faiths including the sources you quoted from were determined to demonize and denigrate India. I wrote to all the participants, why don’t you be inclusive and include the organizations from the Dhramic faiths, nobody bothered to reply.Atleast as per the Dharmic Philosophy all human beings are sparks of the divine-(quote:carlisle). I will go as far as to say, Abrahimic faiths allow keeping of Slaves. A Civilization which has given the world the concepts of NON-VIOLENCE why are you bent on attacking that civilization. Slavery in all forms is bad.

  2. On February 15, 2015 at 12:12 pm KC responded with... #

    These Slavery stats and Church attack drama in India is planned and staged for cooking up
    atrocity literature with the help of media to be used by Western governments to pressurize Indian government on Human Rights to cut trade deals, demonize Indian culture and civilization, and USCIRF would use these news to
    indict Hindus as violent and unjust. Sad times for Truth to Stand tall !

  3. On February 15, 2015 at 12:33 pm KC responded with... #

    India remained poor because for centuries British Colonial invaders plundered India and looted wealth, resources, from India and kept Indian hostage. How can the World forget that ?
    India and Indian culture never affirmed or promoted Slavery.
    The bible endorses, describes, and regulates slavery. Read on Salon DOT com Where the Bible really stands on slavery

  4. On February 15, 2015 at 12:56 pm KC responded with... #

    Take a look at these stats before Western governments blame Indian culture and value system that shapes and reflects peoples behavior and actions in their society.
    Population of India: 1.2 billion, prisoners in India 321 K
    Population of USA: 312 million, prisoners in USA 2.1 million.
    The United States has more female prisoners than China, Russia and India combined.