Jimmy Carter: A Noble Man
Did former U.S. President Jimmy Carter achieve his political ambitions only after his presidency?
October 14, 2002
When Jimmy Carter left the White House in 1981, many people regarded him as a failure. His single term in office was rife with economic and political crisis. Yet, since that time, he has made a remarkable political comeback on the global stage. Our Read My Lips feature examines President Carter’s path to to winning the Nobel Prize for Peace.
Mr. President, how did you manage to remain an active global politician?
“I decided to capitalize on the influence I had as the former president of the greatest nation of the world — and decided to fill vacuums.”
(Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, October 2002)
What makes you worry about human rights in your own country?
“Formerly admired almost universally as the preeminent champion of human rights, our country has become the foremost target of respected international organizations concerned about these basic principles of democratic life.”
How would you summarize your idea of human rights?
“My concept of human rights has grown to include not only the rights to live in peace, but also to adequate health care, shelter, food — and to economic opportunity.”
Why is that?
“If you’re totally illiterate and living on one dollar a day, the benefits of globalization never come to you.”
What makes people perceive globalization in so many different ways?
“I think that globalization, as defined by rich people like us, is a very nice thing, because you’re talking about the Internet, about cell phones, about computers. This doesn’t affect two-thirds of the people in the world who are living on less than $2 a day. They are never touched positively by globalization.”
On what should today's leaders focus the most?
“Perhaps the most important challenge for the new century is to share wealth, opportunities and responsibilities between the rich and the poor — for a world where the chasm between rich and poor grows wider will be neither stable nor secure.”
How did the U.S. economic slowdown affect social benefits?
“In the ancient civilizations — that is the ones that existed 10(!) years ago or older — there was a built-in social status for workers so that they were protected in their jobs. Those protections are now gone.”
With your 1979 Camp David success in mind, how do you view the Middle East conflict today?
“Tragically, our government is abandoning any sponsorship of substantive negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis.”
What about Iraq — should the United States attack?
“We cannot ignore the development of chemical, biological or nuclear weapons — but a unilateral war with Iraq is not the answer.”
Was Jimmy Carter the right choice in view of the other contenders?
“He deserved it better than I, and he won it — and I’ll try for next year.”
(Afghan President Hamid Karzai, October 2002)
Finally, why did the Nobel committee choose Jimmy Carter this year?
“It should be interpreted as a criticism of the line that the current administration has taken. It’s a kick in the leg to all that follow the same line as the United States.”
(Gunnar Berge, chairman of the Nobel committee, October 2002)
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