Global Pairings

China and America: We Are Not Enemies

The two countries will have to cooperate to keep a peaceful world together.

Credit: Aquir -


  • China and America could forge a new type of great power relationship based on cooperation instead of conflict.
  • Chinese people admire and look up to the US’s achievements, so what is America afraid of?
  • The unnecessary distrust and suspicion between the US and China could hurt the whole world.
  • Is America avoiding its greatest alliance due to fear of China?
  • China and the US cooperated in World War II. The Chinese have not forgotten this, but Americans might have.

In Chinese, we call the United States of America “meiguo (??)” — meaning “a beautiful country.” Nowadays, most Chinese people do not view America as our enemy, but an important partner and super competitor.

Although our two countries indirectly confronted each other during the Korean War and the Vietnam War, we Chinese still remember our friendship and cooperation against Japan during World War II.

In fact, the Chinese people quite admire America’s development miracles achieved within a comparatively short history.

Since China’s opening up in 1978, the Chinese people have been more interested in increasingly close economic and cultural ties with the U.S., instead of ideological conflicts. As the current largest foreign creditor, China sincerely hopes America can stay prosperous rather than go bankrupt.

An imaginary divide

However, in sharp contrast to these positive sentiments, a recent poll shows that Americans now consider China their nemesis. They see China’s growing economic power as a “critical threat” to the “vital interest” of America.

That conveys a really disappointing message to China and the world. It lets the American people appear as hypocritical and arrogant.

The United States has always been proud of its well-known national values of freedom and equality. So why is developing China not allowed fair and peaceful competition with the United States?

A prosperous China is in line with America’s and the whole world’s interests. Nor would anyone rather face a poor and aggressive China – another North Korea, but with more than 50 times the population.

Either way there is still deep distrust and suspicion between our two countries, especially from the U.S. side. As a result, America may be cheering and encouraging its Asian allies like Japan and the Philippines to challenge China more. However, Japan’s hidden agenda may hurt America eventually.

Fair-weather friends

History is a mirror. America may still uphold the outdated foreign policy doctrine, “the enemy of my enemy is my friend,” but is China really the enemy? Even if China is, do not ignore history. America supported Iraq during the Iran-Iraq War, but in the end Saddam Hussein turned his back on the United States.

Therefore, it is definitely unwise to suppress China by supporting Japan. Currently, America may consider Japan’s military “normalization” as a quite good balance to contain China. However, acquiescing to a re-militarized Japan may well bring future trouble, or even disaster, to the U.S. and the whole world.

Like America, China is just pursuing its own “Chinese Dream,” but it has no interest in replacing America’s global leadership. If someday America unfortunately declines, it will be mainly due to its own internal failure, rather than any of China’s doings.

Therefore, Americans should not mistake China as the enemy, simply out of envy of China’s fast growth. Neither should they unwisely give Japan a chance to restore its past militarism. There are no eternal friends. China is learning that its traditional “little brother” — North Korea — could turn into a threat. Similarly, the U.S. should be wary of Japan.

Getting to know each other

Regarding the mutual distrust between the U.S. and China, besides the ideological differences, the “asymmetric information problem” is another main cause.

People in our two countries get to know each other mainly through domestic media reports, which tend to be politically misleading and biased. Such incomplete knowledge leads to misunderstanding and prejudice.

A related problem is that there currently are many more Chinese experts on America than U.S. experts on China, largely because Chinese people are more willing and keen to learn from America.

Over the last seven years the number of Chinese middle school students who went to study in America increased by a factor of 365. Just last year, about 235,000 Chinese students went to the United States for further education.

Luckily the United States is catching up. Since 2010, the Obama Administration has been pushing a plan to have 100,000 U.S. students study in China by 2014. If the American people really want to understand China, try to learn some basic Chinese. Then we can share common understanding.

A new balance of power

At present, the United States of America and China (so-called “G2”) are undoubtedly the most important global players.

To avoid a “hot war” or a new “Cold War,” America as the existing greatest power and China as an emerging one have no other choice than to collectively forge a “new type of great-power relationship.” Coexistence and cooperation must overcome confrontation and conflicts.

Without the cooperation of both nations, none of the big global and regional challenges, such as climate change, terrorism, nuclear proliferation and financial crisis, will likely be addressed.

Our two countries will have to cooperate as they did in World War II to keep a peaceful and prosperous world together, sooner or later.

Tags: , , , , , ,

About Sun Xi

Sun Xi is a China-born alumnus of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore. He is an independent commentary writer based in Singapore.

Responses to “China and America: We Are Not Enemies”

Archived Comments.

  1. On July 10, 2014 at 1:31 pm Thai Nguyen-Khoa responded with... #

    I hope Mr. Sun Xi’s words don’t fall on China’s own deaf ears. What with China investments, competing for world resources around the world, buying influence with its economic clout in the last several decades have amply demonstrated China’s willingness to have “fair and peaceful competition with the U.S.” (Mr. Sun Xi own words). He should never worry about America’s envy of China prosperity: with all the China lobbyists in the halls of the U.S. Congress and U.S. corporate investors in China, the U.S (and Europe and Japan) has been feeding the rising voracious dragon of China since Nixon overture with Mao in 1972. If ‘Nixon goes to China’ does not represent a gesture of the U.S. extending friendship with her nemesis during the Cold War, then perhaps in today’s geopolitical terms it was a wrong strategy for the U.S. to lift China out of its Maoist stagnated back water.

    Which China hand (Chinese expert) who is not aware of the government wrongheaded policy of polluting China own proper (land) and poisoning her own people with toxic fumes, chemicals, poisonous and tainted foodstuff and products in its race-to-the-bottom to become the world factory floor export? So it is no surprise that China has become the ogre around the world for producing (cheap) inferior and poisonous exports.

    I’m not sure if this has endeared China to many friends in the U.S. and around the world more than China nationalism and ambition in competing for supremacy with the U.S. to spread her military muscle influence.

    I’m sure Mr. Sun Xi is well aware of China bellicose aggression with her 9 dotted lines in the Southeast Asian Sea (South China Sea is a misnomer only serves to fuel China expansion streak) claiming 90 percent of all the waters and deploying oil rigs and military installations on islands and shoals that lie well within the Southeast Asian countries territorial waters (Vietnam, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia. These bullying tactics would surely win China many friends there well besides China bribery money.

    Lastly, if the people of China would ever demand parity with their Hongkong brethrens in demanding self-rule (read democracy) in their referendum and get rid of Communist dictatorship, then perhaps many of Mr. Sun Xi friendship calls would be answered.