Erdogan can use any number of legal, political or foreign policy tools to ensure his candidate wins this time around, no matter the reputational costs.
Ultimately, Erdogan might end up losing Istanbul again. And botch yet another opportunity to normalize relations with the Kurds.
Public sentiment is moving away from President Erdogan in Turkey’s largest cities, especially his hometown of Istanbul. This will have major political ramifications.
Losing Ankara and Istanbul is a significant defeat for Turkey’s President.
Erdogan’s rhetoric on converting the Hagia Sophia into a mosque could rock his relations with Russia, given its growing interest in the Orthodox Church and its adherents.
Another move in the country’s battle with Saudi Arabia for leadership of the Muslim world.
Turkey’s President is eager to stand side-by-side with Russia, China, and Iran in Venezuela.
Saudi Arabia’s engagement in India goes beyond strengthening its reach of India’s Muslims. It aims to reduce the Iran factor in the Indian economy.
How Turkey’s President Erdogan is seeking to expand his leadership claim in the Islamic world in India.