Chinese Civic Protest
How common are protests in China, despite the serious ramifications towards those who do so?
November 8, 2013
1. Tens of thousands of people arrive in China’s capital, Beijing, every year to petition the central government for solutions their local governments failed to provide.
2. These petitioners seek relief for local injustices, ranging from land seizures to police brutality and official corruption.
3. In Beijing, these protesters are often beaten and detained illegally by a private security force, hired by local governments. Meanwhile, those local governments are notified to come collect their petitioners.
4. Once back in their hometowns, some are sent without trial to labor camps as a warning not to try again.
5. The Beijing detention centers are actually seen as an improvement over earlier secret jails where petitioners would be held indefinitely, without charge, in secret.
6. The relationship between the petitioner detention system and the official police system in Beijing remains murky. Nominally, the privately-run detention centers are illegal and police sometimes intervene.
7. But Beijing’s central government is also eager to prevent local protesters from massing in the capital and forming a wider movement, so they often tolerate the illegal detentions by external thugs.
From Urban stability: Chinese Civic Protest (The Economist)